ERITREA: Canadian Appeal Court Affirms Eritreans’ Slavery and Forced Labour Claims Can Proceed

(London, 21 November, 2017) British Columbia’s Court of Appeal today dismissed an appeal by Nevsun Resources Ltd., that sought to block a case brought against the company by three Eritrean refugeesfor the alleged used of forced labour at its Bisha mine in Eritrea.

The three plaintiffs allege they were national service conscripts and that their labour was provided to Nevsun and its operating subsidiary, Bisha Mining Share Company, through two Eritrean companies related to Eritrea’s ruling party and its military. They allege those Eritrean companies are documented slavers and the plaintiffs’ labour was extracted under threat of torture, arbitrary detention, imprisonment in inhumane conditions and reprisals against family members.

Writing for a unanimous Court, Justice Newbury expressed particular concern about the lack of adequate alternative recourse in Eritrea, the plaintiffs’ country of origin. In reviewing the evidence on Eritrea’s judicial system, Justice Newbury agreed with the grim assessment of the court below, noting that the plaintiffs faced the prospect of “no trial at all” in Eritrea, or a trial “presided over by a functionary with no real independence from the state (which is implicated in this case) and in a legal system that would appear to be actuated largely by the wishes of the President and his military supporters.”

In arriving at her ruling, Justice Newbury also noted that the Eritrean government’s practices of institutionalized forced labour through its so-called ‘National Service’ program were “not contemplated by any legislation” – but that in any event, the acts alleged were so grave that they “could not be justified by legislation or official policy.”

The ruling affirms that the plaintiffs can prosecute a civil case in Canada for Nevsun’s alleged complicity in crimes against humanity, slavery, forced labour and torture at the Bisha mine. The Court found that international law is “in flux” and that transnational law, which regulates “actions or events that transcend national frontiers” is developing, especially in connection with human rights violations that are not effectively addressed by traditional “international mechanisms.

Joe Fiorante, Q.C., of Camp Fiorante Matthews Mogerman LLP, lead counsel for the plaintiffs said that “This is a very important win for the claimants. Nevsun will now have to answer these allegations of grave human right abuses on the merits in a Canadian court of law.”

We are delighted with the ruling. It removes a hindrance to prosecuting the case and is an encouraging first step in the search for justice for the plaintiffs.”

For several years, Human Rights Concern – Eritrea (HRCE) has drawn attention to the use of National Service conscripts as slave labour by Nevsun and other international companies in Eritrea. Commenting on the Canadian court’s ruling, HRCE’s Director, Ms. Elsa Chyrum, described it as “a significant milestone in holding perpetrators of gross human rights violations in Eritrea to account”. Ms. Chyrum added: “The Canadian court judgement is a huge step forward in the struggle for accountability for human rights abuses. If the plaintiffs go on to win this case, it will have major implications for other potential cases against international companies and their operations in Eritrea. It is hoped that, when this case finally comes to judgement, that it will become clear to all international companies working in Eritrea that they will be held responsible for the treatment of the workforce provided by the Eritrean government in their industrial operations. We will continue our efforts to bring an end to modern day slavery and to seek accountability for other human rights violations that are being committed against people in Eritrea.”

ተስፋ ሚሊዮናት ዝመጸዉ ቢሊዮነራት  (ቁጠባዊ ኣምራት)sacttism clasiffied

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ክቡራት ተኸታተልቲ!

ከም መቐጸልታ ኣብ ዝተፈላለዩ ዓውድታት ክፍንወልኩም ዝሓሰብኩዎም ጽሑፋት፡ ካብ ሎሚ ጀሚረ ድማ፡ ንቑጠባ ሃገርን መዓላ ጸጋታትናን ዝምልከቱ፡ ብዝተፈላለዩ ሰነዳትን ኣምራትን ዝተሰነዩ ጽሑፋት፡ ከቕርበልኩም ኢየ፡፡ ብፍላይ ንጸጋታት ሃገርናን መዓልኦምን ዝምልከት፡ ንዓመታት ካብ ህዝቢ ተኸዊሉ ዝጸንሐ ሕቡእ መስርሕ ኢሳይያስ ብጭብጥታት ተሰኒዩ ናብ ቃልዕ ክወጽእ እዩ፡፡

ኣብ ናይ 1994 ቻርተር፡ ንቑጠባዊ ዉጥናት “መጻኢ መንግስቲ ኤርትራ” ኣመልኪቱ፡ ካብ ዝተልዓሉ ሓሳባት፡ እቲ ቀንዲ ሓሳብ፡ “ዕላማ ሰውራና ሃገራዊ ናጽነት ጥራይ ንምምጻእ ዘይኮነስ፡ ኣብ ናጻ ኤርትራ ኣብ ማሕበራዊ ፍትሒ ዝተመስረተ፡ ቁጠባዊ ምዕባሌ ምፍጣር ውን ኢዩ” ብምባል፡ እዚ ዕላማ ኣብ ግብሪ ምስ ዝውዕል፡ ኣብ ሃገርና “ድሌት ዝበዝሐ ህዝቢ ዘርውን፡ መነባብሮ ዘመሓይሽን፡ ኣብ መላእ ሃገር ምዕሩይ ዝርገሐ ዘለዎ፡ ብሕግታት ዕዳጋ ዝሰርሕ፡ ግላዊ ወፍርን ተበግሶን ውድድርን ዘተባብዕ፡ ዝተመዛዘነ ቁጠባዊ ዕብየት ዘረጋግጽ፡ ቁጠባዊ ስርዓት ክህነጽ ኢዩ” ዝብል ኢዩ፡፡ እዚ ማለት ድማ ብሰነ ቑጠባዊ ኣምር ክረአ እንከሎ “ማሕበራዊ ፍትሒ ዝሰፈኖ” ቁጠባዊ ስርዓት ማለት እዩ፡፡

ብዓይኒ ሓቂ ንልዕሊ 30 ዓመት ኣብ ኩናት ዝነበረት ሃገር፡ ናጻ ድሕሪ ምውጽኣ፡ ናጽነታ ዘውሕስ ቀንዲ ዕማም “ማሕበረ-ቁጠባዊ ዕንወታ ናይ ምሕዋይ” ኣጀንዳ፡ ካብ ቀዳምነታት ቀዳማይ ክስራዕ ዝግበኦ እዩ፡፡ ህዝብና እውን ንዘመናት ዝተቓለሰሉ ዕላማ ኪኖ ናጽነት ቁጠባዊ ዲሞክራሲ ንምርግጋጽ እዩ፡፡ ቁጠባዊ ዲሞክራሲ ማለት፡ ብሓጺሩ ምዕባለ ናይ ህዝቢ፡ ብህዝቢ ንህዝቢ ምስፋን ማለት እዩ፡፡ ብመንጽር እዚ “ማሕበራዊ ፍትሒ ዝነገሶ፡ ቁጠባዊ ዲሞክራሲ ምህናጽ” ዝብል ኣምራት፡ ቁጠባዊ ቻርተር 1994 ብግብሪ ምስ እንምርምሮ ከምቲ፡ ኣብ ፖለቲካ ዝወረደና ደልሃመት ኣብ ቁጠባና ውን ክሳብ ምንታይ ከም ዝሳዕረረ ይበርሃልና፡፡

ፈለማ፡ እቲ ኣብ ወረቓቕቲ ህግደፍ ጥራይ ዝተረፈ ኣብ ግብሪ ዘይወዓለ፡ “ምስፋን ቁጠባዊን ማሕበራዊን ፍትሒ”፡ ብሳይንሳዊ ጭብጥታት ብምድራኽ ምስ ኣብ ሃገርና ዘሎ ጭቡጥ ቁጠባዊ ኩነታት ብምንጽጻር ንርኣዮ፡፡

“ቁጠባዊ ማሕበራዊ ፍትሒ” ማለት፡ ኣብ ሞንጎ ሃብታማትን ድኻታትን፤ ርኹባትን ስኡናትን፤ ዘሎ ጋግ ቁጠባዊ ዕድላትን ሃብትን ንምጽባብ፤ ንኹሎም ዜጋታት ምዕሩይ ቁጠባዊ ዕድላትን ርትዓዊ ኣከፋፍላ ሃገራዊ ሃብትን ምርግጋጽ ማለት ኢዩ፡፡ “ቁጠባዊ ማሕበራዊ ፍትሒ” ማለት ማእከላይ ዕላምኡ፡ ድሌት ህዝቢ ንምርዋይ፡ ዝኾነ ቁጠባዊ ኣምር ኮይኑ፡ ኣብ ሞንጎ ገጠርን ከተማን፡ ማእከልን ወሳናወሰን ዘሎ ጋግ፡ ምዕባለ ንምጽባብ፡ ምዕሩይን ርትዓዊን ዝርገሐ ቁጠባዊ ምዕባለ፡ ኣብ መላእ ሃግር ምርግጋጽ ማለት ኢዩ፡፡ እምበኣር ከስ ካድራት ህግደፍ፡ ኣብ ኤርትራ “ቑጠባዊ ማሕራበዊ ፍትሒ ክነረጋግጽ ኢና” ክብሉ እንከለው፡ ነዞም ኩሎም ክብ ኢሎም ዝተገልጹ ረብሓታት፡ ኣብ ኤርትራ ክነረጋግጽ ኢና ማለቶም ኢዩ፡፡ እንተኾነ ብሰንኪ ገባቲ ባህሪያት ኢሳይያስን ግስሩጥ ምሕደርኡን፡ ንዓና ንኤርትራውያን ግን እዞም ረብሓታት ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ርብዒ ዘመን ኣይቀደውናን፡፡

ንሕና ከም ኤርትራውያን ብመንጽር ዘሕለፍናዮ፡ ናይ መግዛእትን ጭቆናን ታሪኽ፡ ዋላ ኣብ ኤርትራ ገነታዊ (utopian) ሕ/ሰብ ንምኻን እንተዘይተበገስና፡ ብውሑዱ ካብ ስእነት ሕማምን ድንቁርናን ዝተገላገለ፡ ንሰብ ዝበቅዕ ህይወት ዝመርሕ፡ መነባብርኡ ዘመሓይሽ፡ ጻማ ራሃጹ ዝረኽበሉ፡ ብዕዮኡ ዝኸብረሉ፡ ደቁን ደቂደቁን ከኣ ዝሓሸ መጻኢ ዘለዎም፡ ፍትሓዊ ሕ/ሰብ ዝፈጥር ፖሊሲን መሪሕነትን ክህልወና ይግባእ ኔሩ፡፡

እዚ ምስ ዘይከውን እዩ፡ እቲ ብነዊሕ ኩናት ዝዓነወ ቁጠባና ከይሓወየ፡ ብሰንኪ ኩናት መነባብርኦም ዝተመዛበሉ ዜጋታትና፡ ምስ በሰለኦም ካልእ ዘይርህው ዘመን ክቖጽሩ ዝኽእሉ፡፡ ስለዚ ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ርብዒ ዘመን ንድሕሪት ዝተሃንጸ ቁጠባ ኤርትራ፡ ኣብ ሞንጎ ምንዮትን ክውንነትን ዘሎ ጋግ፡ ዚያዳ ገፊሑ ናብ ኣዚዩ ዘስክፍ ደረጃ ክጥሕል ዝበቓዓሉ ቀንዲ ምኽንያት ምግባትን ጎበጣን ዝመለለይኡ ቁጠባዊ ፖሊሲታት ጉጅለ ህግደፍ እዩ፡፡

ግደ መንግስቲ ኣብ ቁጠባ ሃገር

ናይ ዝኾነት ሃገር መንግስቲ፡ ኣብ ልዕሊ ቁጠባ ሃገር ርኡይ ለውጥታት ክፈጥርን፡ መነባብሮ ዜጋታት ከመሓይሽን ዘኽእል “ቅዱስ” ዕላማ እንተሃሊይዎ፡ ግዲኡ ከነጽርን ከፍልጥን ይግባእ፡፡ ግደ መንግስቲ ኣብ ቁጠባ፡ “ቁጠባዊ ምዕባለ ዝረጋግጸሉ ምቹእ ኩነታት ምፍጣር፡ ብቑዕ ስትራተጂን ፖሊሰን ብምቕራጽ፡ ሰብኣዊ ዓቕሚ ሃገር ክበራበር፡ ርትዓዊ ኣጠቓቕማ ባህሪያዊ ከባቢን ሃብትን ከረጋግጽ”፡ ምግባር እዩ፡፡

ግደ መንግስቲ ዕዙዝ ክኸወን ምቕባል ማለት፡ ብኹሉ መለኪዒታት ብመንግስቲ ዝተዓብለለ ቁጠባ ክህሉ ምቕባል ማለት ግን ኣይኮነን፡፡ እንተኾነ ኣብ ሃገርና፡ ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ርብዒ ዘመን ዝተዓዘብናዮ መንግስታዊ ግደ ኣብ ቁጠባ ግን፡ “ሙሉእ ብሙሉእ ኣብ ዕብለላ” (Pure Monopoly) ዝተመስረተ ጥራይ ኢዩ፡፡ ድሕሪ ናጽነት፡ ግዝያዊ መንግስቲ ኤርትራ፡ “ቁጠባ ኤርትራ ብመንግስታዊን ግላዊን ክፋላት ዝቖመ ሕውስዋስ ቁጠባ (Mixed Economy)፡ ናይ ትእዛዝ ቁጠባ (Command Economy) ዘይኮነ፡ ናይ ዕዳጋ ቁጠባ (Market Economy) ክኸውን ኣለዎ” ኢሉ እዩ ተበጊሱ፡፡ እቲ ናይ ዕዳጋ ቁጠባ ዝበሃል ኣምር፡ ብቐንዱ ግላዊ ትካል ከሕይልን መሪሕ ተራ ክጻወትን ዝፈቅድ፡ ንመንግስቲ ውን ግቡእ ባይታ ከጣጥሐሉ ሓላፍነት ዘስክም እዩ፡፡ ህግደፍ ከም ህግደፍ ኮይኑ፡ ኣብ ዝወጸኣሉ ናይ 1990ታት መድረኽ ግን፡ ይትረፍ ዶ ምትብባዕ ግላዊ ክፋል፡ ኣብ መንጎ ሰልፍን መንግስትን ዘሎ ርክብን ኣፋላላይን እኳ ንኽትርድኦ ዘጸግም ኮይኑ፡ ኣዚዩ ጥቡቕን ምእኩልን ናይ እዚ ቑጠባ (Command Economy) እዩ ኣብ ኤርትራ ተተኺሉ፡፡

ነዚ ዘይፍትሓዊ ዕብለላ ምኽኑይ ንምግባር፡ ፈለማ “ንብረት ህዝባዊ ግንባር ኣብ ትሕቲ ሓደ ጽላል ተጠርኒፉ፡ ዳግማይ ክውደብን ክነጥፍን “ርትዓዊ መኽሰብ” ብምርካብ ኣብ ህንጻ ሃገር መሰረታዊ ኣበርክቶ ንምፍጣር” ብዝብል ምስምስ ናብ ዕዳጋ ዝኣተዋ ትካላት ህግደፍ፡ ቀስብቐስ ቁጠባ ሃገርና ብምብሓት ባህሪያዊ ጸጋታት ብምጉሕጓሕ፡ ሃገር ብሃገራ ኣብ ትሕቲ ሓደ ዓብላሊ ሰልፊ ክትቅፈድ ተገይራ እያ፡፡ መብዛሕትአን ቁጠባዊ ትካላት ህግደፍ፡ ብምህዞ ዝተጠመቕኦ፡ “ናይ ሓባር ወፍሪ” ዝብል ኣስማት ዋላ እንተሃለወን፡ ብግብሪ ግን፡ ብፍቕዲ ብዝቑጸሩ እሙናት መዳኸርቲ ኢሳይያስ ዝውነና፡ ብሕታዊ ኩባንያታት እየን፡፡ እተን ፈቐዶ ኣንጎሎታት ዝተደኮና፡ ማእለያ ዘይብለን ናኣሽቱ ሓዲግና፡ ኣብ ዝሓለፈ 26 ዓመታት፡ ቁጠባ ሃገር ሙሉእ ብሙሉእ ዝበሓታ ትካላት ህግደፍን ምንጪ ኣታዊታትን ምስ እንፈቅድ፡ ህግደፍ ካብ መሸጣ ፈሓም ክሳብ ዓበይቲ ሃገራዊያን ትካላት ወኒኑ ዝርከብ፡ ኣብ ኩሎም ዓይነታት ሕጋዊን ዘይሕጋዊን ንግዲ ዝነጥፍ እንኮ “ሰልፊን መንግስትን” ምኻኑ ይበርሃልና፡፡

ብሓፈሻ ንርብዒ ዘመን ኣብ እንግዳዕ ሃገርና ዝተኾየጠ፡ “ግዝያዊ መንግስቲ” ኤርትራ፡ ኣብ ትሕቲ እንኮ ሰልፊ ህግደፍ ዝውንኖም ትካላትን፡ ካብ ዝተሓተ ክሳብ ዝለዓለ ዓውድታት ቑጠባ ዝነጥፉ ኮይኖም ኣብ ውሽጢ ሃገርን ኣብ ግዳምን ውን መሓውራት ዝዘርግሑ እዮም፡፡ ንኣብነት

• ኩባንያታት ህንጻ፡ (ሰገን፡ ሮዳብ፡ ገደም፡ ሃንገር፡ ምኹዓት ማይ ማዕድን፡ ኣስቤኮ፡ ጀዴክ ) ኣብ ሃገርና ዳርጋ ኣብ ኩሉ ህንጻዊ ጽላታት ማለት ኣብ ምህናጽ መንበሪ ኣባይቲ፡ ካፊተርያ፡ ደርሚቶሪ፡ መኻዚኖታት፡ ኣብያተ ጽሕፈት፡ ወትሃደራዊ መዓስከራት፡ ኮለጃት፡ ሃንገራት፡ ጽርግያታት፡ ዲጋታት፡ ቀረብ ሕጡብን ጃያን፡ ቢንቶታትን ስርሓት ሕርሻን ክሳብ ምኹዓትን ምድልዳልን ድፋዓት ዝነጥፋ መብዛሕትአን ኩባንያታት ናይ ህግደፍ እየን፡፡

• ትካላት መጓዓዝያ፡ ናይ መጓዓዝያ ምድርን ባሕርን ትካላት ውን ብህግደፍ ዝተብሓታ እየን፡፡ ንኣብነት ኣብ ትሕቲ መስመር ንግዳዊ መራኽብ ኤርትራ ዝርከባ ኩለን መራኽብን ጀላቡን ከምኡ ውን ትራንስሆርን ዝተብሃለ ክሳብ 350 ዓበይቲ መካይን ዝውንን ትካል ትራንስፖርት ሓዊሱ ኣብ ዝተፈላለየ እዋናት “ብጓይላን ደበላን” ተሰኒየን ብስም መንግስታዊ ጋራዣት ናብ ውሽጢ ሃገር ዝኣተዋ ዝተፈላለያ መካይንን ማሽነሪታትን ኩለን ኣብ ትሕቲ ህግደፍ ዝጥርነፋ እየን፡፡

• ትካላት ፋይናንስ፡ ንግድን ኣገልግሎትን፡ ዋላ ኣብ ርብዒ ዘመን መግዛእቲ ህግደፍ ዝረኸብናዮ ኣገልግሎት እንተዘይሃለወ፡ እተን ዝርካበን ፊናንሳዊ ትካላት እውን ኣብ ትሕቲ ህግደፍ ዝውነና እየን፡፡ ካብ ዓምበርበብ ጀሚርካ ክሳብ ጋራዥ ፈንቅል፡ ኤረ ኤኩብ፡ ኣከፋፋልቲ ድኳናት ሕድሪ፡ ትካል እዋን፡ ቀረብ መካይንን ማሽነሪታትን፡ ጽገና ማሽነሪታት፡ ኤረ ቴክ፡ ንግዳዊ ኮርፐረሽን ቀይሕ ባሕሪ (09)፡ ቀረጽ ናጻ ማእከል (Free Zone)፡ ኤሪሶክ፡ ማርጋረን፡ ማሕተም ሳቡር፡ ኖቫስ ሳስብረ፡ ባንኪ ኣባይትን ንግድን፡ ሂንቦል ፋይናንሳዊ ኣገልግሎት፡ ዘይሕጋዊ ምውህላል ወጻኢ ሸርፊ፡ ሕርሻታት ዒላበርዕድ፡ ጸባን ውጽኢት ጸባን፡ መፍረ ከብትን ሓሰማን፡ ኣግሮ ኢንዱስተሪታት ኣለቡ፡ ኣስመራ ፍላዎር፡ ሕርሻን መፍረን ዘይሕጋዊ ዕጻፋርስ (marijuana & cannabis)ከባቢታት ፍልፍል ሰሎሙና፡ ፎርኖ ባኒ፡ ሆቴላት ሮያልን ኣስማራ ፓላስን፡፡

• ካብ መሸጣ ወደብ ዓሰብን ልፍንቲ ሃገራት ከልጅን ዝርከብ ብኣማኢት ሚሊዮናት ዝቑጸር እቶት ናይ ወጻኢ ሽርፊ ውን ናብ ኣብ ወጻእ ኣብ ዝርከብ ናይ ህግደፍ ባንክ ኣካውንት ኣታዊ ዝግበር ኢዩ፡፡

• ካብ ሊዝ መሸጣ ዳህላክ (ንመንግስቲ ቀጠር) ዝተረኸበ ገንዘብ እውን መንግስቲ ቀጠር ናብ ህግደፍ ዝለኣኾ ኢዩ፡፡

• ካብ መሸጣ ጸጋታት ባሕሪ (ምግፋፍ ዓሳ፡ ሕርካ፡ ሕድራን ጽፍሪ ዓሳን) ብኮ/ል መልኣከ ተስፋማርያም (ወዲ ፊተውራሪ) ኣቢሉ ናብ ቤ/ጽ ፕረሲዳንት ዝለኣኽ እዩ፡፡
• ካብ ማእለያ ዘይብለን ማሕዩራትን ቤት ማእሰርታትን ብዝተፈላለየ ምስምስ ማለት ብዋሕስ፡ ብምህጋር፡ ብምፍርራሕ፡ ብምምንጣል ዝርከብ እቶት ውን ብተዘዋዋሪ ናብ ህግደፍ ዝበጻሓሉ እዋናት ኣሎ፡፡

• ብስም “ብርኪ” ካብ ዝተፈላለዩ ብሕታዊ ትካላት ዝርከብ እቶትን ኣብ ኤምባሲታትን ቆንስሊያታትን ብስም “ማዕከን መሰሰኒ ሰማእታት”፡ ካብ ምሕዳስን መሸጣን ፓስፖርት፡ “ምድያፍ ቆልዑት”፡ ካብ መሸጣ መንነትን ወረቐታዊ መሳለጢያታትን፡ ካብ 2 ሚእታዊትን መሸጣ ኣጽዋራት ራሻይዳን ዝርከብ፡ ናይ ወጻኢ ሸርፊን ብዲፕሎማቲክ ፖች ዝካየዱ ዘይሕጋዊ ፋይናንሳዊ ኣገልግሎታት ውን መዓልኦም ናብ ህግደፍ እዩ፡፡ (ንኣብነት ካብ ስዑዲያ ጥራይ ብሰገን ገብረሃንስ ትበሃል ተቐባሊት ገንዘብ ቆንስል ጅዳ፡ ኣብ ዓመት ክሳብ 12 ሚሊዮን ሪያል ዝኸውን፡ ብስም ሓጎስ ኪሻ ናብ ዝተኸፍተ፡ ኣብ ጀርመን ናብ ዝርከብ ባንኪ፡ ንዓመታት ክስደድ ጸኒሑ ኢዩ፡፡ ብተወሳኺ ድሕሪ እገዳ፡ ብሓሙሽተ ናይ ባንኪ ኣካውንት ቁጽርታት፡ ኣብ ስዑዲያ ናብ NCB ዝተብሃለ ባንኪ ክኣቱ ዝጸንሐ፡ ናይ ወጻእ ሸርፊ ስም ተለዊጡ ብሓንቲ ኣካውንት ናብ ናይ ሆላንድ ባንኪ ብስም የማነ ገብረኣብ ኣታዊ ይግበር ኣሎ፡፡

• ካብ ትካላት ዕደና (ኣብ መፍረ ናይ ዝርከቡ ዕደና ወርቂ ቢሻን ዛራን ከምኡ ውን ብባህላዊ ዕደና ካብ ሓረስቶት ዝህገር ወርቅታትን ካልኦትን ውን ብህግደፍ ዝውነን ኢዩ፡፡

ክቡራት ተኸታተልቲ!!

ሙሉእ ብሙሉእ ሃገራዊ እቶትን ጸጋታትን ቢሒቱ ዝርከብ ጉጅለ ህግደፍ፡ ንነፍሰወከፍ ጸጋታትን መዓልኡን ድማ፡ ኣዚዩ ብዝተሓላለኸ ናይ ጸጥታን እሙናት ኣገልገልትን መሓውራት ብምዝርጋሕ፡ ክቆጻጸሮ ጸኒሑ ኣሎ፡፡ ንባህሪያዊ ጸጋታትና እንዳመዝመዙ፡ ንርብዒ ዘመን “ተስፋ ሚሊዮናት ዝመጸው እቶም ቀንዲ ቢሊዮናራት” ከኣ ባዕሉ ኢሳይያስ ዘሰወዶም፡ ሓጎስ ኪሻን፡ የማነ ገብረኣብን እዮም፡፡ ብዙሓት “ደቂ ገርሂ ልባ” ኢሳይያስ ሕሳር ካምቻ ለቢሱ ብሰንደል ጫማ ክንቀሳቐስ ክርእይዎ እንከለው፡ ብደሞዙ ዝመሓደር “ምስኪን ኣገልጋሊ ሃገር” ይመስሎም እዩ፡፡ እንተኾነ ካብ ሜዳ ጀሚሩ ሽርሕን ጉርሕን ኢሳይያስ ኣጸቢቑ ንዝፈልጥ ሰብ፡ ይትረፍ ዶ ብደገ ዝካየዱ መናውራታት፡ እቶም ብኸውሊ ዝካየዱ ኣነዋሪ ተግባራት ውን ኣይክስሕቶን፡፡

እቲ ንኣስመራ ጥራይ “ኣጸባቢቑ” ዝወጸ ዝመስለና መግዛእቲ ኢጣሊያ ውን፡ ክሳብ 1940 ብሓፈሻ ኣብ ሃገርና ዘቖሞም ትካላት ምስ እንዕዘብ፡ 642 ትካላት ህንጻ፡ 728 ፈኮስቲ እንዱስቱሪታትን፡ 2,198 ትካላት ንግድን ከምዝነበራ ታሪኽ ይሕብር፡፡ ኣብ እዋን መግዛእቲ ኢትዮጵያ (ሃይለስላሰን ደርግን) እውን፡ ቁጽሩ ዘይወሓደ፡ ትካላት ንግድን ኢንዱስትሪን ከምዘረከቡና ታሪኽ ዘይክሕዶ ሓቂ እዩ፡፡ ድሕሪ ናጽነት ፈለማ በቲ ዝተረኸበ ዓወታት ዝሰኸረን፡ ብሓይሊ ኣብ ልዕሊ ካልኦት ሃገራት ተሓንጊሩ፡ ዘይስሩዕ ቁጠባ ክሃንጽ ዝተመነየ ኢሳይያስ፡ ብወትሃደራዊን ኣምባገነናዊን ባህሪያቱ፡ ዘይተደለየ ተጻብኦን ኩናት ኣንጻር ጎረባብቲ ሃገራት የመን፡ ሱዳን፡ ጁቡቲን ኢትዮጵያን ከፊቱ ቁጠባ ሃገር ኣብ ዝኸፍአ ደረጃ ክጥሕል ገይርዎ እዩ፡፡ ቁጠባ ሃገር ናብ ድቕድቕ ጸልማት ጢሒሉ ኣብዝቐጸለሉ ህሞት ኣታዊታት ህግደፍ ግን ይሃጥር ኣሎ፡፡

ኢሳይያስ ብኩናት ኣመሳሚሱ፡ ምስ ቁጠባና ዘይዳረግ ኣመና ገዚፍ ወትሃደራዊ ሓይልን፡ ጸጥታዊ ትካላትን ብምህናጽን፡ ኣፍራይ ሓይሊ ዝኾነ ምንእሰይ ብምዕስካሩ ሃገር ብሃገራ ናብ ወትሃደራዊ መዓስከር ለዊጡ፡ ብኣማኢት ሚሊዮናት ዝግመት ሃብቲ ሃገር ብምዕናው፡ ኣብ ልዕሊ ሃገርና ከቢድ ስምብራት ገዲፉ እዩ፡፡ ሙሉእ ብሙሉእ ናብ “ምልክነት” ኣብ ዝተለወጠሉ ድሕሪ 2000 ኣብ ዝነበሩ ዓመታት ከኣ፡ ሃገራዊ ባጀት ዘይፍለጠሉ፡ ኣታዊታትን ወጻኢታትን መንግስቲ ዕላዊ ዘይግበረሉ፡ ኢዲትን ቁጽጽርን ዘይሕሰበሉ፡ ቁጣባዊ ፖሊሲ ዘይብላ ብፍቕዲ ኣዳኸርቲ እትምራሕ እንኮ ኣፍሪቃዊት ሃገር ክትምስረት ገይሩ እዩ፡፡

“ንዝኣመነ ብሴፍ ንዝኻሓደ ብሴፍ” ኣብ ዝኾነሉ ኢሳይያሳዊ መድረኽ፡ ንቑጠባዊ ምሕደራን ኣተኣላልኡን ዝምልከት ስክፍትኦም ዝገለጹ ዉሑዳት ዜጋታት ውን ኣይተሰኣኑን፡፡ ክሳብ 2014 ሚኒስተር ፋይናንስ ኮይኑ ዘገልገለ፡ ሚኒስተር ብርሃነ ኣብርሀ ካብኣቶም ሓደ ኮይኑ፡ ሚኒስተር ፋይናንስ ክንሱ፡ ኣታዊታት ቢሻን መሸጣ ባሕርን ስለ ዘይተሓበሮ፡ ብኢደ ዋኒኑ መዝነቱ ብምሕዳግ ተባዕ ስጉምቲ ወሲዱ ኢዩ፡፡ ገለ ተባዓት ውን ኣብ ዝተፈላለዩ ኣኼባታት ማዕረ “ንምንታይ ኣታዊታት ወርቂ፡ ባሕርን ክራይ ወደብን ንህዝቢ ዘይሕበር?” ብምባል በዳህቲ ሕቶታት ዋላ እንተልዓሉ፡ እቲ ልሙድ ህግደፋዊ መልሲ ግን፡ “ እዚ ናይ ግዳም ሓይልታት ብኮ ክረኽቡ ዘበጋግስዎ ሕቶን፡ ዝኾነ ዘይሰለጦ ወይ ውን ከም ድላዩ ክብሕት ዝደሊ፡ ዝዛረቦ ጭብጢ ዘይብሉ ዘረባ እዩ” ዝብል እዩ፡፡

ካልእ ይትረፍ ቀንዲ ምኽንያት፡ ኣብ ዝሓለፈ ቅንያት ኣብ ዳያእ ኣል-እስላሚያ ዝተበጋገሰ ተቓዉሞታት፡ ህግደፍ ብሚ/ሪ ትምህርቲ ተኸዊሉ ክትግብሮ ዝወጠኖ ብስም “ብርኪ” ዘተኣታተዎ ቁጠባዊ ዕብለላ ኮይኑ፡ ኣብ መወዳእታ ናብ ሃይማኖታዊ ትካላት ውን ኢዱ ብምትእትታው ኣታዊታት ክምእርር ብዘውጽኦ ሓዱሽ መምርሒ ዝተበገሰ ኢዩ፡፡

ክቡራት ተኸታተልቲ፡ ኣብ ካልኣይ ክፋል ምስ ኣታዊታት ዕደና ወርቂ ዛራ ብምትእስሳር፡ ብጭብጥታትን መርትዖታትን ዝተሰነየ ሰነዳት ቁጽሪ ናይ ባንኪ ኣካውንት፡ ፊናንሳዊ ዑደት ኣታዊታት ዛራ፡ ምስ ህግደፍ ምትእስሳር ዘለዎም ወጻእተኛታት ብዝርዝር ዘቕርበልኩም ኮይኑ፡ ህግደፍ ኣብ ምዕናው ቁጠባ ሃገር ዘስዓቦ ኪሳራ ብምትንታን፡ ንዓና ንደለይቲ ፍትሕን፡ ንኣህጉራዊ ትካላትን ዝጠቅም፡ ተለቃቢታት ክዝርገሓልኩ ኢየ፡፡ ብተወሳኺ ኣብ እዋናዊ ኩነታት፡ ንህልው ኩነታት ተምሃሮ 29 ዙርያ ዝምልከት ሓበሬታ ውን ክፍንወልኩም ኢየ፡፡

ብወገንኩም ናብ ኩሉ ክባጻሕ ሼር ምግባር ኣይትሕመቑ

Robert Mugabe resigns as Zimbabwe’s president after 37 years (ኣብ ኣፍሪቃ ተሪኽ ተሰሪሑ፡ሞጋበ ድሕሪ 37 ዓመት ንህዝቡ ስልጣን ኣረኪቡ)

HARARE, Zimbabwe (AP) — Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe resigned as president with immediate effect Tuesday after 37 years in power, shortly after parliament began impeachment proceedings against him.

“My decision to resign is voluntary on my part and arises from my concern for the welfare of the people of Zimbabwe and my desire for a smooth, non-violent transfer of power,” said Mugabe in his letter which was read out in parliament, sparking cheers and dancing.

Ruling party chief whip Lovemore Matuke told The Associated Press that recently fired Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa would take over as the country’s leader within 48 hours. Matuke said Mnangagwa, who fled the country after his firing, “is not far from here.”

Matuke said they look forward to Mugabe doing the handover of power “so that Mnangagwa moves with speed to work for the country.”

Cars began honking horns and people cheered in the streets as the news spread like wildfire across the capital, Harare.

Mugabe, who had been the world’s oldest head of state at 93, said that proper procedures should be followed to install new leadership.

Mugabe’s resignation brought an end to the impeachment proceedings brought by the ruling ZANU-PF party after its Central Committee voted to oust the president as party leader and select Mnangagwa as his replacement. Currently in exile, Mnangagwa served for decades as Mugabe’s enforcer, with a reputation for being astute and ruthless, more feared than popular.

Before the resignation, crowds rallied outside Parliament, dancing and singing. Some people placed photos of Mugabe in the street so that cars would run over them. Opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai of the MDC party said the culture of the ruling party “must end” and everyone must put their heads together and work toward free and fair elections.

Earlier Tuesday, Mnangagwa said in a statement that Mugabe should acknowledge the nation’s “insatiable desire” for a leadership change and resign immediately.

Mnangagwa added to immense pressure on Mugabe to quit after nearly four decades in power, during which he evolved from a champion of the fight against white minority rule into a figure blamed for a collapsing economy, government dysfunction and human rights violations.

“The people of Zimbabwe have spoken with one voice and it is my appeal to President Mugabe that he should take heed of this clarion call and resign forthwith so that the country can move forward and preserve his legacy,” Mnangagwa said in his statement, after more than a week of silence.

Mnangagwa, who fled the country and has not appeared in public during the past week’s political turmoil, said Mugabe had invited him to return to Zimbabwe “for a discussion” on recent events. However, he said he will not return for now, alleging that there had been plans to kill him at the time of his firing.

“I will be returning as soon as the right conditions for security and stability prevail,” said Mnangagwa, who has a loyal support base in the military. “Never should the nation be held at ransom by one person ever again, whose desire is to die in office at whatever cost to the nation.”

Zimbabwe’s polarizing first lady, Grace Mugabe, had been positioning herself to succeed her husband, leading a party faction that engineered Mnangagwa’s ouster. The prospect of a dynastic succession alarmed the military, which confined Mugabe to his home last week and targeted what it called “criminals” around him who allegedly were looting state resources — a reference to associates of the first lady.

Mnangagwa was targeted by U.S. sanctions in the early 2000s for undermining democratic development in Zimbabwe, according to the Atlantic Council, a U.S.-based policy institute. However, J. Peter Pham, an Africa expert at the council, noted that some Zimbabwean opposition figures have appeared willing to have dialogue with Mnangagwa in order to move the country forward and that the international community should consider doing the same.

“We’re not saying whitewash the past, but it is in the interests of everyone that Zimbabwe is engaged at this critical time,” Pham said in a statement.

Regional leaders continued efforts to find a solution to the political turmoil, with South Africa’s state-run broadcaster reporting that the presidents of South Africa and Angola would travel to Zimbabwe on Wednesday to meet with “stakeholders” in the political crisis, including Mugabe and the military.

Impeachment proceedings began days after huge crowds surged through the capital, Harare, to demand that Mugabe quit. The ruling party had instructed government ministers to boycott a Cabinet meeting that Mugabe called for Tuesday morning at State House, the president’s official residence, and instead attend a meeting at party headquarters to work on the impeachment.

It was not clear how long the impeachment process could take. The ruling party has said Mugabe could be voted out as early as Wednesday but some analysts believe the impeachment process could take weeks and would, if conducted properly, allow Mugabe to make a case in his defense.

Mnangagwa called for unity and appeared to embrace the prospect of taking over power.

“I will not stand in the way of the people and my party,” he said.

https://www.yahoo.com/finance/news/impeachment-zimbabwes-mugabe-set-begin-070149104.html

Netanyahu wants to deport 40,000 African refugees

The Israeli Prime Minister has announced that he will deport tens of thousands of refugees to third countries. The refugee agency UNHCR expressed its deep concern.

The majority of Africans entered Israel illegally across the border with Egypt between 2010 and 2012, with more than 1,000 people entering the country each month . After Israel had built a fence to the neighboring country, the influx of refugees had fallen to virtually zero, said Netanyahu. Around 20,000 migrants from Africa have already been deported, according to the Prime Minister. Now, in a third phase of “intensified deportation,” Israel will deport the remaining “40,000 intruders without their consent.” This is possible thanks to an international agreement, Netanyahu said. According to media reports, it is an agreement with Rwanda and Uganda.

Controversial prisons for asylum seekers

The handling of refugees is controversial in Israel. In principle, the state can not simply deport asylum seekers, as it is bound by the Geneva Refugee Conventions. Many migrants live in poor neighborhoods in the south of Tel Aviv, with frequent tensions with Israeli residents. In addition to the border fence with Egypt, from 2013 the government also set up special prisons for asylum seekers. The facilities in Saharonim and Holot in the Negev desert are officially considered “open-air establishments”, but are so remote that it was barely possible to set foot.

If the deportation plan is implemented, Israel wants to close the Holot prison in the Negev desert within a few months. The Israeli government unanimously approved a bill to that effect, Israeli media reported. According to the Ministry of Public Security, the cost of Holot is 62 million euros annually. Eritreans and Sudanese detained in Holot are then allowed to choose between leaving for Rwanda and imprisonment in a regular Israeli prison.

The refugee agency UNHCR expressed “deep concern” over Israel’s plans and the safety of the deportees. “Asylum seekers and refugees from Eritrea and Sudan must agree to a deportation to African countries or expect imprisonment in Israel,” it said in a statement. “Israel is legally obliged to protect refugees and others seeking protection,” said Volker Türk, a senior representative of the UN refugee agency.

By the end of August, Israel’s Supreme Court had declared the unlimited detention of asylum-seekers unconstitutional. African asylum seekers are likely to be deported to third countries, but in the event of refusal they will be detained for a maximum of 60 days.

ባይቶ ጸጥታ ሕቡራት ሃገራት ነቲ ኣብ ልዕሊ ኤርትራ ኣንቢርዎ ዝጸንሐ ናይ ኣጽዋር እገዳ ብሓደ ዓመት ኣናዊሕዎ 15 ኖቬምበር 2017

ፕረዚደንት ኢሳስ ኣፈወርቂ (ፀጋም)፡ ባንዴራ ውድብ ሕቡራት ሃገራት (የማን)

ባይቶ ጸጥታ ሕቡራት ሃገራት፡ ኣብ ናይ ትማሊ ሰሉስ 14 ሕዳር ኣኼባኡ፡ ነቲ ኣብ 2009 ኣብ ኤርትራን ሶማልያን ዘንበሮ ናይ ኣጽዋር እገዳ እንደገና ክሳብ 15 ታሕሳስ 2018 ክናዋሕ ወሲኑ።

“እቲ ብመሰረት ዓንቀጻት 5ን 6ን ወሳነ 1907 (2009) ኣብ ለዕሊ ኤርትራ ዝተነብረ ናይ ኣጽዋር እገዳ ክቕጽል” ወሲኑ ይብል እዚ ሓድሽ ወሳነ እቲ ባይቶ።

ኣብቲ ዝተገብረ ድምጺ ነቲ ‘ወሳነ 2385 (2017)’ 11 ኣባላት ሃገራት እቲ ባይቶ ክደግፈኦ እንከለዋ ኣርባዕተ ሃገራት ማለት (ቦሊቭያ፡ ቻይና፡ ግብጽን ራሻን) ግና ድምጸን ስለ ዝዓቀባ፡ እቲ ወሳነ ብቐሊሉ ክሓልፍ ኪኢሉ።

ብተመሳሳሊ፡ እቲ ነቲ እገዳ ክቆጻጸር ዝቖመ ናይ ሶማልያን ኤርትራን ተቖጻጻሪ ጉጀለ ክሳብ 15 ሕዳር 2018 በቲ ዝነበሮ ክቕጽል እቲ ናይ ትማል ኣኼባ ወሲኑ። እቲ ተቖጻጻሪ ጉጅለ፡ ዝሓለፈ ሰሙን ነቲ ባይቶ ኣብ ዘቕረቦ ጸብጻብ፡ ኤርትራ ንጉጅለ ኣልሸባብ ከም እትሕግዝ ዝተረኽበ ጭብጢ ብዘይምህለዉ፡ እቲ ናይ ክልቲአን ሃገራት ተነጻጺሉ ክረአ ነቲ ባይቶ ለበዋ ኣቕሪቡ ነይሩ።

መንግስቲ ኤርትራ ብወገኑ ብመገዲ ናይ ወጻኢ ጉዳያት ሚኒስተሩ ኣብ ዝሃቦ ግብረ-መልሲ፡ “ባይቶ ጸጥታ ነቲ ኣንጻር ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዝወሰዶ ምጥሓስ ከስተኻኽሎን፡ ንጸጥታ ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃን ቀይሕ ባሕርን ክገብሮ ዝኽእል ዝነበረ ኣበርክቶን ዕድልን ከሲርዎ” ብምባል ተቓውሞኡ ገሊጹ።

እቲ ናይ ኣጸዋር እገዳ ብምልኡ ንማእከላይ መንግስቲ ሶማል ከም ዘይምልከትን፡ ከፊላዊ ከም ዝኾነን’ውን እቲ ወሳነ የረድእ።

እቲ ባይቶ፡ ብተወሳኺ፡ ኤርትራ ነቲ ተቖጻጻሪ ጉጅለ ኣድላዪ ምትሕግጋዝ ክትገብረሉን፡ ናብ ኤርትራ ኣትዩ ናይ ምጽራይ ስርሑ ከሳልጥን ጸዊዑ።

ኣብ መንጎ ጂቡቲን ኤርትራን ዘሎ ወጥሪ ድማ፡ ክልቲአን ሃገራት ተላዚበን ከህደአኦን፡ ኤርትራ ድማ ብዛዕባ እቶም ደሃዮም ዘይተረኽበ ተባሂሎም ዝጥቀሱ ወተሃደራት ጂቡቲ ዘለዋ ሓበሬታ ክትህብ እቲ ባይቶ ተላብዩ።

እቲ እገዳ ኣብ 2009 ንመጀመርታ ግዜ ኣብ ልዕሊ ኤርትራ ዝተነብረ ኾይኑ፡ ብሰንኪ ኤርትራ ንሶማላዊ ጉጅለ ትሕግዝያ ዝብል ክስን ምስ ምርግጋእ ጎረባብቲ ሃገራትን ዝተኣሰሰር ምኻኑ ሰነዳት እቲ ባይቶን ተቖጻጻሪ ጉጅለን ይገልጽ።

https://www.bbc.com/tigrinya/news-41997812

 

ERITREAN NATIONAL SALVATION FRONT – HIDRI

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ኲነታት ሃገርና ኤርትራ

ኣብዚ ዝስዕብ ጽሑፍ ሀ. ኲነታት ሃገርና ኤርትራ ብሓጺሩ ለ. ኲነታት ደምበ ተቛውሞ ብሓፈሻ ከምኡ’ውን ሐ. ኲነታት ግሃድኤ ሕድሪ ክንጠቅስ ኢና።

ኲነታት ሃገር ብሓጺሩ፡- ሓፈሻዊ ኲነታት ሃገርና ኣብ ኣዝዩ ቃራና ዝዀነ መገዲ እዩ ዘሎ። ብካልእ ኣዘራርባ ኤርትራ ከም ሃገር ሓደ ዓቢ ቤት ማእሰርቲ ኰይና ኣላ። ሃገር ኤርትራ ብውሕዱ ርእሳ ትኽእለሉ ጸጋታት ኣለዋ። እንተዀነ ግን መራሒ ገባቲ ጭፍራ ህግደፍ ንኹሉ ስለ ዝገበቶ ሃገርና ብቊጠባ ባይታ ዘቢጣ ትርከብ። ህዝቢ ኣብ ናይ ጥምየት መድረኽ ኣትዩ ኣሎ። ናይ ሃገር ቊጠባዊ ፖሊሲ ኣይፍለጥን ባጀት’ውን ኣይፍለጥን። ሕብረተሰብ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ብሰላም ከይነብር ብዝዀነ ነገር ከምዘይቃዶን ከምዘይራኸብን ከም ዘይይተኣማመንን ክገብሮ ለይቲ ምስ መዓልቲ ከይሰልከየ ጭፍራ ህግደፍ ይሰርሕ ኣሎ። መሰረት ናይ ሓደ ሕብረተሰብ ዝዀነት ስድራቤት መሰረታዊ ዕማማታ ከተሰላስልስ ይትረፍ እኳ ደኣ ንትበታተን ህግደፍ ይዘራርግ ኣሎ። ኩሎም ማሕበራዊ ፈትልታት ህዝብና ከም ዝበታተኹ ገይሩ እዩ። ምስ እዚ ጐንጐድኑ ኩሎም መሰረታዊ ኣድማሳዊ ሰብኣዊ መሰላት ኣብ ኤርትራ ሃገርና ህግደፍ መጠነ ሰፊሕ ዝዀነ ግህሰታት ክፍጽም መዓልታዊ ዕማማቱ ኰይኑ ይርከብ። መራሕ ጭፍራ ህግደፍ ፖለቲካዊ ንጥፈታት ገበን ገይሩ ኩሎም ፖለቲካዊ መሰላትን ዲሞክራስያዊ መሰላት ኩልኩላት እዮም። ኮታ ኩሉ ንደቂ-ሰባት ዘድሊ ዝዀነ ነገር ኣብ ኤርትራ ተሓሪሙ እዩ። ልዕሊ ኩሉ ከኣ ኩሉ መሰላቱ ዝተመንዝዐ ህዝቢ መብዛሕትኡ መንእሰይ ሓይሊ ሃገር ካብ ሃገሩ ተጓሕጉሑ ከም ዝስደድ ገይርዎ። እምበኣር ሕጂ ዘሎ ምርጫ ቃልሲ እምበር ካልእ የሎን። ዝመረሮ ህዝቢ ኣመና ርብዒ ዘመን ዝኣክል ተጸሚሙ ሕጂ ግን “ኣሳፊሕካ ሞት ተዀርሚኻ ሞት” ስለ ዝዀነ እታ እንኮ ምርጭኡ መዓንጣኽ ሸጥ ኣቢልካ ኣሲርካ ቃልሲ ምክያድ ጥራሕ እዩ።

ኲነታት ደምበ ተቛውሞ፡– በቲ ካልእ ሸነኽ ኣብ ናይ ተቛውሞ ደምበ ኣሰራርሓን ኣከያይዳን ኣይግደን ኰይኑ ኣሎ። ነቲ ወሪዱ ዘሎ መዓት ዝዳረግ ኣወዳድባን ኣቀላልሳን ኣይርአን ኣሎ። እዚ ናይ ሃገራዊ ባይቶ ኣባላት ዝዀና ውድባት ዘካየድኦ ሰሚናር ቀስ ኢሉ ናብ’ቲ ባህሪያዊ ናይ ምቕሃም ገጹ ዝተመልሰ ይመስል። እዚ ክቅልበስ ይግባእ። ፖለቲካዊ ውድባት ክንዲ ጠለብ ህዝብን ሃገራዊ ሓላፍነትን ክስምዖም ይግባእ። “ሰገንሲ ርእሳ እንተቀበረት ዝተሓብኤት ይመስላ ከም ዝበሃል መራህቲ ተቛውሞ ካብ ተሓቢኦምሉ ዘለዉ ክወጽኡ ህዝቢ ይጠልብ ኣሎ። እዚብዘየጋጊ መልኮዑ ግሉጽ ኰይኑ ኣሎ። ብዝነበረ ኣገባብ ቃልሲ ኣይሰርሕን እዩ። እዛ ዝተገበረት ሰሚናር ኣበይ ተፈላልዮም ኣበይ ተሰማሚዖም ንህዝቢ ግሉጽ ክገብርዎ ይግባእ።

ብካልእ ወገን ነቲ ዓማጺ ስርዓት ዝዳፈር ኣብ ውሽጢ ብጀጋኑ ዝዀኑ ንኽብሪ ሰብኣዊ መሰላት ዝተላዕሉ ተራ ሰባት ጀሚሮም ኣለዉ። እዚ መስዋእቲ እዚ ኣብነታዊ ስለ ዝዀነ ኣብ ኩሉ ክፍለዓለማት ዝርከቡ ኤርትራውያን ንተግባራት ጭፍራ ህግደፍ ዝኹንን ንረብሓ ህዝቢ ንዝተስኡ ጀጋኑ ኣብነታውያን ዝድግፍ ቁጥዐ ብዘለዎ መልክዕ ሓያል ህዝባዊ ሰላማዊ ሰልፍታት ክካየድ ቀንዩን ዝተረፈ ከኣ ጌና ንኽግበር ኣብ ምሽብሻብ ኣሎ። ነዚ ተበግሶ እዚ ግሃድኤ-ሕድሪ ደጋፊኡን ንዝያዳ ዱልዱል ቃልሲ ንምክያድ ከኣ ኩሉ ግዜ ቅሩብነቱ ክገልጽ ይፈቱ።

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እዚ ሰላማዊ ሰልፊ እዚ ኣብ ደንሃኽ (The Hague) ዝበሃል ከተማ ሆላንድ (The Netherlands) እዩ። ህዝቢ ዝከኣሎ ይገብር ኣሎ። ጌና ክሳብ ኣብ ኤርትራ ዘለዎ ራእይ ዝረጋገጽ ከኣ ቃልሱ ቀጻሊ ምዃኑ ብዝተፈላለየ ኣገባባት ገሊጽዎ እዩ።

ግሃድኤ-ሕድሪ፡- ግሃድኤ-ሕድሪ ጉባኤ ንምግባር ይቀራረብ ዘሎ። ኣብ ዝተፈላለየ ክፍለ-ዓለማት ዝርከቡ መሰረታት ግሃድኤ-ሕድሪ ውድባዊ ጉባኤ ንምዕዋት ይነጣጠፉ ኣለዉ። ኣብ ኣውስትራልያ ዝርከቡ መሰረታት ዳግመ-ስርርዓት ብምክያድ ንጉባኤ ዝውክሉ ኣባላት ድሮ መዚዞም ናብ ቦታ ጉባኤ ይጐዓዙ ኣለዉ። ብተመሳሳሊ መልክዑ ኣብ ኣመሪካ ዝርከቡ ኣባላት ስርርዓቶም ድሕሪ ምድልዳል ጉባኤ ንምዕዋት ዘድልዩ ንዋታዊ ሓገዛት ኣብ ምቅርራብ ይርከቡ። ከምኡ ድማ ኣብ ኤውሮጳ ዘሎ ውድባዊ ንጥፈታትና ስርርዓት ምድልዳል ጥራሕ ዘይኰነስ ስርርዓት ኣብ ምስፋሕ’ውን ዓቢ ተራ ከበርክቱ ይርከቡ። ብሓፈሽኡ ኣብቲ ንርኹስ ተግባራት ገባቲ ጭፍራ ህግደፍ ንምቅላዕ ዝግበር ምልዕዓላትን ሰላማዊ ሰልፍታት ምክያድን ዘሎ ናይ ርብርብ ቃልሲ ምስ ህዝባዊ ምንቅስቓስ ኤርትራውያን ተሳትፋኦም ብልዑል ወንን ሞራልን ክነጥፉ ይርከብ ኣለዉ። መሰረታት ግሃድኤ-ሕድሪ ንወፍሪ ምልዕዓል ኣብ ኩሉ ቦታታት ብሓፈሻ ኣብ ጀርመን ድማ ብፍላይ ብዕቱብ ተተሓሒዞሞ ይርከቡ። ንኣብነት ንምጥቃስ ዝኣክል ኣብ ሃገረ ጀርመን ኣብ ሙንሽን ዝበሃል ከተማ ብኣባል ማእከላይ ባይቶ ብጻይ ኣብርሃም ተስፋገርጊስ ዝተማእከለ ኣገዳሲ ሰሚናር ተኻይዱ። ብንቓልሲ ዝተዓጠቑ መብዛሕትኦም መንእሰያ ኣብ ከተማ ሙንሽን ሓደ ጉጅለ ተመስሪቱ ከም ዘሎ ተፈሊጢ ኣሎ። ንጡፍ ቃልሲ ኣብ ባይታ ክፍጽም ዝወፈረ ጉጅለ ምዃኑ ከኣ ይፍለጥ።

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ብተወሳኺ ኣባል ማእከላይ ባይቶ ብጻይ ማሕሙድ ዕላጅን ኣባል ሽማግለ ጨንፈር ጀርመን ናይ ህዝባዊ ውደባ ሓላፊ ብጻይ ገብረኪዳን ገብረዝግን ዝተረኸብሉን ዝመርሕዎን ናይ ስቱትጋርድን ከባቢኣን ሰሚናር እዩ። ከም’ቲ ኣብ ም8ንሽን ዝተገበረ ኣብ ስቱትጋርድ’ውን ሓደ ሓያል ጉጅለ ተመስሪቱ ይርከብ።

ኣቐድም ኣቢሉ ድማ ኣብ ከተማ ፍራንክፉርት ዕዉት ዝዀነ ጉባኤ ከም ዝተሰላሰለ ይዝከር። እዚ ዝስዕብ ስእሊ ድማ ክፋል ናይ’ቲ ዝነበረ ጉባኤ ዝገልጽ እዩ።

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ድሕነት ህዝብን ሃገርን ልዕሊ ኩሉ!!

ዜናን ባህልን ቤት ጽሕፈት

ግሃድኤ-ሕድሪ

13-11-2017